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Blog posts tagged with 'Penicillium'

AdVntures in Mycotoxicology - A Beginners Guide

Informant 15-Minute Black Mold Detection Test

Being able to understand the differences in determining what constitutes the definition of Fungus, Mold, Mildew, Algae or even something basic as Slime can be a bit confusing. Some of these differences can be determined by taking a few moments to ‘look under the hood’ and see what these species are composed of and why they are given their own unique identification. You will want to pay close attention to the following lesson since there will be a test… Just kidding.

When it comes to understanding differences in a species it is always best to understand how to define them in order to know what sets each of them apart. In the case of Fungus, Mold, Mildew, and Algae this is of the utmost importance since the relationship of each is almost closely associated with the other either through mis-identification or by sharing true similarities.

Let us begin with gaining a understanding of Fungus, what exactly is it and how is it defined. Fungus or its’ plural Fungi is defined as any diverse group of eukaryotic single-celled or multi-nucleate organisms that live by decomposing and absorbing the organic material in which they grow. Think of the ‘Pods’ from ‘Invasion of the Body Snatchers’. OK, maybe not to that extreme but it does hint at one of Fungi’s more pervasive attributes of proliferation which we will cover shortly. Fungus is comprised of several genii of different species such as Mushroom, Molds, Mildew, Smuts, Rusts, and Yeasts. Fungus itself is considered to be of the kingdom Plantae. As we learned in our high school science class that eukaryotic means …“any organism having as its fundamental structural unit a cell type that contains a specialized organelles in the cytoplasm, a membrane-bound nucleus enclosing genetic material organized into chromosomes and an elaborate system of division by mitosis or meiosis, characteristic of all life forms except bacteria and blue-green algae and other primitive micro-organisms” so I know I won’t need to spend time explaining the definition so we can tackle more of the interesting concepts that lay before us. To refresh your memory of what you learned in your science lab, mitosis is the usual method of cell division and meiosis is the process of gamete formation, consisting of chromosome conjugation and a two cell division. After all, gamete formation is something we live with every day and should all be used to by now. As you have already learned, Mold and Mildew have been mentioned as being a part of the Fungi family and Fungus as a whole is not only a family but a royal one belonging to a kingdom. Now that’s impressive.

Now let’s move on to gaining a deeper understanding of Algae. I can sense your excitement about this and I totally understand. Algae is something of a horse of a different color and is defined as “any numerous groups of chlorophyll containing mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms ranging from microscopic single-celled forms to multi-cellular forms that are able to grow 100 feet or more, this growth is distinguished from plants by the absence of having roots, stems, and leaves as they are defined and by a lack of nonproductive cells in the reproductive structures: Classified into six phyla Euglenophyta, Crysophyta, Pyrrophyta, Chlorophyta , Phaeophyta and Rhodophyta.” Did you notice there is no kingdom for this horse? The singular pronouncement is Alga. Alga is a latin word meaning ‘Seaweed’ and this meaning is retained in its’ translation so if you know your latin, then this is something you already knew so go to the head of the class. Now the next time you are in a Chinese restaurant and they serve you up a bowl of seaweed soup, be sure to ask for a side of Alga. You will be the life of the party.

Now do I really need to define Slime? What would any meaningful discussion be without it? Slime is defined as that gelatinous goo that shows up in the best creature feature and “is composed of a thin, glutinous mud, or any ropy (that being stringy) or viscous liquid matter or a viscous secretion of animal or vegetable origin.” Let’s face it, what would a jaw retracting space alien be without slime?

So now it is understood that there is a big difference in Fungus and Algae and both mold and mildew are related in a fuzzy, smelly, unwanted growth kind of way. Not unlike reality TV, only more interesting and includes slime as one of the main characters, although now it’s seems, slime, which can be found on fungus and algae may be considered a byproduct and not its own species.

Alas we have opened the proverbial “hood” so it’s timefor us to continue to dig a little deeper into the the fungus side of things. Beginning with the infamous and ever present Mold, “a growth of minute fungi forming on vegetable or animal matter (aka, organic), and usually appears as a downy or furry coating, and requires decay or dampness. ” The proper English spelling is written as mould and we all know the English are funny that way. With Mildew the difference gets to be a little more fuzzy in more ways then one. Defined as “a disease of plants, characterized by a cottony, usually whitish coating on the surface of affected parts, caused by any of various fungi, aka mold, and can include any discolorations which appear on fabrics, paper, leather, ect. When…and this is most important…exposed to moisture. ” Emphasis added and you may now consider yourself enlightened. But wait, it gets even better!…again…just kidding.

Molds include all species of microscopic fungi that grow in the form of multi-cellular filaments called hyphae. This is unlike another fungi that grow as a single cell which are commonly called yeast. The hypae form a connected network of tubular branches, it has DNA and is considered a single organism referred to as a colony or in more technical terms a mycelium. Molds do not form a specific taxonomic or phylogenetic grouping, but can be found in the divisions Zygomycota, Deureromycota and Ascomycota. I often tell people I am phylogenetic just to see the worried look on their faces. Then I cough and watch the fun unravel.

Although some molds can cause disease, three species have been singled out by the CDC to have this evil superpower. Now there are other types of Fungus that can cause health issues as well, but for now we will concentrate on the Mold part of the kingdom. Some molds can cause food spoilage and others are actually useful in bio-degrading or in producing edible food products, beverages, antibiotic, and enzymes. There are thousands of known varieties of mold and their primary energy source is organic matter which is broken down by enzymes released from the mycelia (you know, the hyphae) into simple compounds decomposing organic matter enabling decay and rot necessary in all eco systems (that’s were the bio-degradable properties kick in). The enzymes and ‘mycotoxins’ that are a byproduct of this breakdown process can also prevent or compete with other molds and micro-organisms making them competitive for territory and will keep other mold types or plants from growing. In the case of Black Mold, it is these ‘mycotoxins’ that can cause harm to human health. Molds do not require or need sunlight to receive energy, another thing that distinguishes this from other plant species.

Now for a word of warning for the more sensitive reader’s, the next portion of this lesson discusses the reproductive characteristics of our topic and we will be getting all up in to the private lives of mold so it is permissible for those who are sensitive to close your eyes during this portion of our study.

Mold reproduces asexually through small spores, which can remain airborne indefinitely. Spores are hardy little buggers and can survive in the most extreme environments. Some mold can even grow at temperature lows such as 2 degrees Celsius. When conditions do not promote mold growth, (even though an environment that is only 2 degrees Celsius does not seem to very promotional for growth), molds can remain alive but in a dormant state for a very long time in the harshest conditions. This is how mold growth can suddenly appear inside building structures long after the building was completed. Moving air is not conducive to mold growth since this tends to cause a lower humidity. Remember, moisture is key here. Since mold must grow on organic matter, their presence is only visible to the naked eye where conditions have allowed colonies to grow and proliferate. Molds come in a variety of colors but gray, green, white and black are the most common and it is important to note that color does not define any one species. Black Mold does not necessarily have to be black to be Black Mold, a common mistake.

If you should toxic have mold ever present in your home then try to get rid of it right away. It is vital that you clean the affected area and throw away any contaminated materials. If there are large areas in your home that are affected, it is recommended you consider a mold remediation service as soon as possible because the longer it grows the more damage it can cause and the more money it will devour. Since mold can be a serious health issue it is also a good idea to know if the growth in your house is toxic or more specifically, ‘mycotoxic’.

It is for this reason AdVnt Biotechnologies LLC, has developed a way to test mold growth with a simple do it yourself test that can be done in the privacy of your home and will reveal if the type of mold growth infesting your home can bring harm to yourself and your family. The INFORMANT 15-Minute Black Mold Detection Test can show results in as little as 3 to 15 minutes after introducing the collected mold sample to the test. Remember, for mold to reach toxic levels it has to come to a stage in its growth cycle that will allow it to release mycotoxin’s through the process of decay as it eats at whatever organic material it is consuming. In homes this can be anything from the papers located on the drywall, wood frames used to fortify walls, carpet, clothing, leather goods, discarded debris in a basement, the list is endless. AdVnt’s ‘INFORMANT 15-Minute Black Mold Detection Test was created using the same advanced bio-technologies being deployed by first responders around the world to detect bio-warfare agents such as Anthrax, Ricin, Botulinum and Plague. Using the same science of applying active antibodies and antigens as genetic markers, AdVnt’s patented technology is designed to react specifically to the target species of black mold as mentioned earlier to be hazardous to human health as determined by the CDC. AdVnt’s INFORMANT 15-Minute Black Mold Detection Test can detect the most minute samples of Stachybotrys, Penicillium and its close cousin Aspergillius.

There is one last subject that we should tackle before dismissing class. Aflatoxin. This toxin is any various related mycotoxins produced by Aspergillus and is suspected of causing liver cancer in humans and other animals. That is the same Aspergillus that can be detected with the INFORMANT 15-Minute Black Mold Detection Test.

The INFORMANT is sold only online from AdVnt Biotechnologie’s website at www.advnt.org. The advantage to using our INFORMANT 15-Minute Black Mold Detection Test means you will know that if your tests show positive for either of these three species that the results will be conclusive and reliable. Since the INFORMANT Uses antigens and antibodies to detect black mold on a genetic level there will be no cross reaction with any other types of mold species or proteins. As an added bonus, each test purchased comes with everything required to run two complete tests.

Press Release - Informant 15-Minute Black Mold Detection Kit

Press Release

Phoenix, Arizona

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:

Contact: ADVNT BIOTECHNOLOGIES,LLC
Contact Person: KEVIN BORAH
Company Name: ADVNT BIOTECHNOLOGIES, LLC
Fax Number (623) 879 – 9697
Email Address: http://www.advnt.org/contact/
Web site address:
www.advnt.org

Headline: Arizona Biotech Company Develops a Rapid Test Making The Detection Of Black Mold Simple- In 15 Minutes or Less.

Phoenix, AZ — JUNE 25th, 2010 — AdVnt Biotechnologies, the company that is known for producing BioWarfare Agent Detection Devices for HAZMAT First Response Teams around the globe to help them rapidly detect such biological agents as Anthrax, Ricin and Botulinum fhas just released it’s newest product for In-Home and Professional use. Building on the expertise gained in the international arena o BioWarfare Agent Detection, AdVnt is now applying its’ R&D expertise to help defend against another type of bio threat that could be growing in the walls and under the floorboards in your own home. BLACK MOLD! Now available for the first time from their website at www.advnt.org, AdVnts’ exciting new INFORMANT 15 MINUTE BLACK MOLD DETECTION TEST is now ready to be the first response in helping home owners combat the growing problem of Black Mold with a simple-to-use hand held test that can give results in 15 minutes or less.

The “Informant” is not a culture, settlement plate, a swab collection kit, or an ATP test. The “Informant” is a highly accurate testing technology called immunochromatographic assay, also known as a rapid test or Hand-Held Assay (HHA). Unlike the ATP test, which detects all living cells regardless of what those cells are, the “Informant 15 Minute Black Mold Detection Test” detects only specific sub-species of Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Stachybotrys. These types of black mold are the sub-species that have been determined to be hazardous to human health and welfare.

Mold in the home, of the “black” variety is a slimy dark greenish-black substance. It is most common in damp, moist areas of walls, ceilings and floors. Look for leaky pipes, leaky roofs, damp basements and crawl spaces, high humidity of over 55%, recent flooding, mildew and musty odors, allergy problems, condensation and/or rusting, wall discoloration, growth in grout and around bathroom floors. These are just a few of the signs that black mold may be present. Unfortunately, you cannot identify these species simply by sight. But with Advents’ new Informant 15 Minute Black Mold Detection Test” you can now identify toxic black mold quickly. Environmental testing for black mold in homes and business is critical, as it can be a serious threat to your health.

Last, but not least, the speed and accuracy of the “Informant 15 Minute Black Mold Detection Test” will make it is a desirable tool for the professional in the industry. Its’ very fast, specific and accurate performance is due to the very special patented monoclonal antibodies that AdVnt uses to create each test. This makes the test ideal for use in construction, remediation, real estate and insurance industries. So whether you are a home owner wanting to insure the health and safety of your family, or a working professional who knows the importance of having an early, rapid detection capability to help with making crucial decisions when confronted with black mold issues, the Informant is ready to be put to the test.

If you are interested in giving the Informant 15-minute Black Mold Detection Test a try, visit AdVnt Biotechnologies’ website at www.advnt.org and click on buy now under the Informant label.

For more information please visit Advnts’ website at http://www.advnt.org or

Contact http://www.advnt.org/contact/

To opt in for AdVnt Biotechnologies product updates & notifications follow this link… http://eepurl.com/gYvBv

It Creeps, It Crawls, it climbs on walls...

For movie fans, this line may bring back memories of a popular 1950′s science fiction movie starring the late great actor Steve McQueen called “The Blob”. In this creature feature a grey slimy glob of space goo from outer space falls to earth with a voracious appetite and proceeds to eat on the denizens of small town USA. As the creature consumes its unwilling victims it takes on the form of a big red glob of goo, hence the making of the creative title. This cosmic space sludge would slowly and methodically ooze its way through floorboards, sink drains, walls and air vents allowing it to sneak up on its unsuspecting victims, cover them up and ingest them. What’s interesting about ‘The Blob’ is that it uses the same exact modes of home invasion as does toxic Black Mold. Areas in homes that have been damp for long periods of time are susceptible to Black Mold spores taking root and settling in and spreading throughout a household as quietly and efficiently has ‘The Blob’. And since it is not a big red glob with molecular stability issues but microscopic airborne spores that can be everywhere and not even be seen, the idea of Black Mold could even be considered more threatening. This concept was not lost on Hollywood either, other such fungi infested features sprung to life in those no to distant days of Hollywood, The classic British yarn “Day of the Triffids” featured cannibalistic space plants that grew out of a space based fungus and the popular “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” were also banking on the fear of the unseen flesh devouring microbes to bring home the box office shivers.

Most recently in the film “The Happening” a mysterious ‘Red Fungus’ comes out of nowhere to cause entire populations of individuals to suddenly have a desire to commit suicide. This of course wrecks havoc on the day-to-day activities of it’s bewildered cast and a ten-dollar hole in the wallets of the unlucky masses that filed in to see this drama play out on a big screen. Unlike the cosmic invaders of yester year, this time the threat is explained as a defense mechanism built into the earth’s eco-system to help maintain a natural balance to human over population, making it an even greater ‘Inconvenient Truth’.

Although we may never see a horror film from Hollywood featuring the horrifically nasty black crawling slime known as “BLACK MOLD” (music builds to crescendo), the amount of damage that this primordial black substance can bring to an unsuspecting household, or an unknowing bystander can be just as horrific. Sometimes reality can be stranger then fiction and the devastation that can come from simple environmental fungi is no exception. Aside from the harsh impact it can have on health and finances, Black Mold has been known to take out more buildings then a man in a rubber Godzilla suit. Millions of dollars are lost every year to buildings that have to be destroyed because no one realized until it was too late that Black Mold, hiding behind walls, growing under floorboards and crawling through vents, had been growing undetected in the dark places. Now, thanks to Hollywood, we all know about those dark places, and it knows what scares you.

Then there’s the innocent victims who sit quietly at home watching a large fish consume unsuspecting beach goers in “Human Sushi II” while microscopic mold spores are unknowingly inhaled into their lungs and up their nostrils causing their immune systems to go to defcon 5. Then after several days, they find themselves short of breath, congested, sore throat, nausea, and suffering from memory loss or screen writer’s block. Many of them will make costly medical visits and consume large amounts of over the counter medications that will at best temporarily alleviate the symptoms but never really cure anything. But then a select few may discover the cause of their woes and respond, but countless others will be trapped in a vicious cycle of ongoing health conditions and over medicated futures.

Then, suddenly, ‘in a world’ where all seems lost, one hero takes the stage, armed with a small plastic device; he single handedly takes on the unseen perpetrator and exposes it for what it is. AdVnt Biotechnologies’ new INFORMANT Black Mold Detection Test as the power to turn innocent victims into well informed problem solvers. With one simple device that can expose the villainous Black Mold Spores in the privacy and comfort of one’s own home, you can now take back control of your health, and save your home from uncertain destruction and save the day with a simple and easy to use tool designed to give rapid results within the time it takes to turn off a cell phone. The INFORMANT is a Hand Held Assay, not unlike a pregnancy test, specifically test positive for the presence of the three types of Black Mold spores and their subspecies that are known by the CDC to create health issues. Stachybotrys, Aspergillus, and Penicillium. Using patented antibodies, each test can show reactivity within 15 minutes or less and can be stored for up to 2 years. AdVnt Biotechnology is one of the leading manufactures of Hand Held Assays used by Home Land Security and First Response Teams worldwide. Rapid Biowarfare Detection is what they do. For years they have helped save countless lives from the biowarfare agents such as Anthrax, Ricin, and Botulinum released by terrorist on unsuspecting civilians in devious plots more sinister then anything dreamed up on a soundstage. Now they have applied their expertise to a different kind of threat on the home front with their new INFORMANT 15 Minute Black Mold Detection Test. Now we won’t need another hero.

To opt in for AdVnt Biotechnologies product updates & notifications follow this link… http://eepurl.com/gYvBv